York: a castle in a car park

YThe urban castle is a different breed to the rural one. It’s been assaulted not by weapons, but by its surroundings and that includes how society changes around it. Ruins have a beauty about them and with light and shadows, they transform the hard rock into architectural sculptures. However, castles were built for a less attractive purpose – to intimidate and demonstrate power.

© Historic England (illustration by Terry Ball)

11th Century © Historic England (illustration by Terry Ball)

York castle dates back Viking times and to the Norman Conquest. Build just two years after 1066, it remained as a wooden structure for a surprisingly long time, quite often burning down, including when the Vikings made one last ditched attempt at their own conquest in 1069.  The current keep wasn’t built until 1228, when a gale blew down the keep on the motte. The heart of the castle turned to stone – Clifford’s Tower.

© Historic England (illustration by Terry Ball)

14th Century © Historic England (illustration by Terry Ball)

It looks like a four leaf clover with its round corners – known as a quatrefoil. The walls were over nine feet thick at their widest. Formidable in scale, it housed the sheriffs appointed to keep order in Yorkshire. Over time, additional buildings were enclosed in its outer walls including a mint to produce coins for northern England. It also served as prison.

That role as a prison continued for centuries. Even after Clifford’s tower was blown apart by an explosion in the magazine in 1684, the rest of the castle served as a county jail – right in the heart of the city. In the 19th century, new prisons were constructed using the stone from the castle ruins to house debtors in one wing and women prisoners in another. Now part of the Castle Museum, it’s still possible to visit the old cells and read about the sad lives of the prisoners.

As for Clifford Tower it remains standing as an empty shell on top of the motte in the midst of a car park.  It gives little indication to its past or the time it witnessed the mass suicide of 150 Jews. In 1190, while still a wooden keep, the castle provided sanctuary to Jewish families seeking shelter from rising tensions. At the time of the crusades and with King Richard abroad, rumours spread that the king wanted the Jews attacked. A mob surrounded the keep, and the terrified occupants handed over the sheriff, who promptly turned around and lay siege to the castle.  Rather than face the mob, the desperate Jews committed suicide, barring a few who opted to convert to Christianity. The mob killed them too.

© Historic England (illustration by Peter Dunn)

© Historic England (illustration by Peter Dunn)

So while I admire the grandness of these great forts, I have to remember castles were often bringers of violence and destruction, utilised in many conflicts,  and cruel prisons in time of peace and war.


My visit to York.




  1. That’s truly a very sad story.

    The castle here in Verona has its walls turned to the city. Strange? It is said that the Scaligeri built it that way to protect them from the city and opened to their allies from Germany.

    The Old Shelter – Jazz Age Jazz


    1. I’ve visited Verona a long time ago, but never noticed the walls. Allies change of course!


  2. I’ve been here! 🙂


    1. It’s a great city, so much history.


  3. It is very sad that such magnificent structures have seen so much violence – sometimes you have to wonder what they would say if they could speak.
    Tasha’s Thinkings | Wittegen Press | FB3X (AC)


    1. Unfortunately, I imagine castles have seen much pain and suffering.


  4. What a sad story. I can only imagine the horror.


    1. We think terrorism is a modern invention, but it’s been with us throughout history.


  5. Most castles have a dark story tell if we care to look. Another very interesting and informative piece.

    My A-Z story features 5 neglected Y words


    1. We like to bury the darker side behind romantic images. Thank you, I try to keep my posts interesting. I’ve enjoyed the research.


Comments are always welcome.

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s

The Bridgehunter's Chronicles

Bridging our past with the future by preserving our heritage in the present.


random, eclectic, see how my mind works

The Old Shelter

Dieselpunk author - Historical Fantasy Set in the 1920s


Kiddie Talkies - Have a look at this World through a kid's eyes with the help of his Mom's expressions

Rebekah Loper, Author

Character-driven epic fantasy. Resilient women. A touch of romance.

Wolf of Words

Stories, Reviews and Opinions!

Iain Kelly

Fiction Writing


it wouldn't be thewirralgirl without you.

Rachel Walkley

Telling Tales, Revealing Secrets

Author Erika Jayne

Where stories come to life

Living the Dream

Susanne Matthews

Stories I Found in the Closet

The musings of writer, mother, musician and whatever else takes my fancy

Planet Pailly

Where Science Meets Fiction

True North Bricks

Canadian LEGO® Fan Media

Tossing It Out

The musings of writer, mother, musician and whatever else takes my fancy

Sorchia's Universe

Magic, Mystery, a little Whisky, and a Cat

%d bloggers like this: