Brutal Barbican

B2020In the City of London there is an estate, liked and loathed (voted in 2003 London’s ugliest building), and home to residential housing, a museum, schools, concert hall and a theatre. The area it occupies was devastated by WW2 bombings.  Known as the Barbican complex, it is an example of Brutalism – or Brutal Architecture.

The style emerged mid-1900s, and was popular up until the 1970s, and the easiest way to describe it is blocks. Blocks of concrete, stone or glass, occasionally bricks, but mostly not. Bare and undecorated blocks. Common to the period, it is found around the world, especially in public buildings, like libraries, city halls, and public housings. Who hasn’t driven past a tower block and thought, wow, that’s a bit ugly.

Even so, brutal buildings have become icons. The Barbican is one. The site was Roman – the word Barbican originates from Barbecana, meaning fortified outpost or gateway, and the district was known as Cripplegate. The Normans kept the fort and renamed it Base Court, and it remained a military outpost until Edward III gave it to the Earl of Suffolk and he made it his home. Base Court was demolished and replaced with a house. After the Duke of Suffolk married his ward, Catherine Willoughby, the building called Willoughby House. The house is gone, but the name Willoughby is still used for one of the housing blocks.

The Cripplegate area was destroyed by bombs, and what was left was demolished. In 1951, 48 people lived there. Housing was needed, which was built in pedestrianised terrace blocks, plus green spaces, and no car parks – it’s a popular place to film movies and TV shows where cars are an impediment.

The estate includes the Barbican Centre – a performing arts centre, the largest of its kind in Europe. It’s design, a Ziggurat, a type of terraced structure common in ancient Mesopotamia. It took a long time to develop, long after the housing was finished, and opened by the Queen in 1982, by which time Brutalism was out of favour.

The theatre was built for the Royal Shakespeare Company, they helped design it. It seats 1500 people. However, the RSC didn’t renew their contract in 2002 because the theatre was no longer had enough performing space. A change in style too?

Whatever you might think of Brutalism, the Barbican is part of London’s architecture, and still an excellent centre for the arts. I’ve been to both the concert hall and theatre, enjoying Winter’s Tale, and Cyrano de Bergerac with Derek Jacobi. While most theatres in London are older, the Barbican represents a new era of development that helped theatres spring up all round the country. Many of them brutal on the outside, perhaps, but inside, the performances are the same.

 

14 comments

  1. Enjoyed it a lot.
    Well, it is true that it looks a bit ugly on the outside, but the inner theatres look great.

    @JazzFeathers
    The Old Shelter – Living the Twenties

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    1. The outside is often no indication of the inside of a theatre, as I’m discovering!

      Liked by 1 person

  2. Pradeep · · Reply

    Not quite familiar with the subject of architecture. Learnt a lot from this post.
    https://bpradeepnair.blogspot.com/2020/04/a-few-of-my-favourite-things-to-counter_2.html

    Liked by 1 person

    1. Part of the fun of this challenge is I get to find out lots too.

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  3. My hometown of Boston, Massachusetts is home to several loved/loathed Brutalist-style buildings. That picture of the Barbican with the landscaping and water feature makes it look a lot better than similar buildings that are just unadorned concrete.

    Hope you have a great A to Z Challenge!

    Liked by 1 person

    1. I don’t recall much brutalism in Boston, but I was visiting the tourist spots. The Barbican isn’t as bad as some make out, but compared to the Georgian architecture it is rather ugly. Thanks for stopping by.

      Liked by 1 person

  4. I too have been there on several occasions. There is something attractive in its ugliness if that makes sense!

    My A-Z tale!

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    1. I think it’s the lack of traffic. Feels more like a campus. There’s plenty of ugliness in 21st century buildings too.

      Liked by 1 person

  5. I bet the acoustics are good in it. I like the way it looks inside, roominess between the rows is a good thing.

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    1. The acoustics are good. As a theatre, the interior is excellent.

      Liked by 1 person

  6. I had no idea that’s what the form of architecture was called. I remember going to the Barbican to see The Merchant of Venice when I was at school – it was one of the first big productions I ever saw in London and I still remember it very clearly.
    Tasha 💖
    Virginia’s Parlour – The Manor (Adult concepts – nothing explicit in posts)
    Tasha’s Thinkings – Vampire Drabbles

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    1. I’d not heard of brutalism either. Sounds rather violent. Has to be term applied retrospectively. I remember Cyrano de Bergerac vividly.

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  7. […] building is another example of Brutalism. Prince Charles describes it as, ‘A clever way of building a nuclear power station in the […]

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  8. […] Barbican Theatre – 1:15 (removable feature) […]

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